It took some time for red wine to establish at the Moselle. The reason for this was mainly the strong focus on white wine, which was in great demand at the time and of course is still in demand. This went so far that in 1933 the winegrowers were even obliged by law to cultivate white grape varieties, whereby the red wine at the Moselle area virtually no longer existed. It wasn't until 1986 that the change came about and the first red grape varieties could be grown. Since then, the red wine at the Moselle has experienced rapid growth. General information about red wine as well as its characteristics and importance at the Moselle can be found in the following sections.
Where is red wine grown in Germany?
Vineyards planted with red grape varieties can be found in all German wine-growing regions. However, the distribution in terms of quantity varies widely. Classic red wine growing areas are the Ahr, Baden and Württemberg. In all three areas, red grape varieties come first in terms of area. In absolute terms, Württemberg leads the field in Germany with an area of over 6,000 hectares, followed by Baden with over 5,000 hectares. But size alone is not decisive. Quality, innovation and marketing are crucial. The diversity is particularly exciting, which is created among other things by the cultivation of red wine in all German wine-growing areas.
Which grape varieties are there in red wine?
From a global perspective, the number and type of red grape varieties cannot be easily defined, as there are always new varieties that then more or less prevail. We therefore only consider the established grape varieties in order to give a good overview. A look at France is worthwhile here, as France generally has an enormous production volume, mainly produces red wines, and their grape varieties are therefore very important. The grape varieties Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir and Merlot should be mentioned here. If we go further south we come across Sangiovese, the Chianti vine of Italy and Tempranillo, the most important grape variety in Spain. Other important grape varieties are Syrah and Grenache, which are particularly native to warm regions.
How much red wine is there at the Moselle?
If you compare the Moselle wine-growing region with large red wine producers such as France, Italy or Spain, the amount seems rather small, but if you look at the growth rate, it is very considerable. Especially against the background that red wine has only been available on the Moselle since the mid-80s. Today over 800 hectares are planted with red grape varieties at the Moselle. Compared to the total area under vines, which according to German wine statistics 2019/2020 at the Moselle is 8,798 hectares, this is only around 10%, but a decent size for the relatively short period of time.
Typical red wine grape varieties from the Moselle?
A few dozen red grape varieties are permitted at the Moselle region, but only a few of them can really be found in the masses. Most of the red wines from the Moselle are made from grapes of the Dornfelder and Pinot Noir grapes. These two varieties cover by far the majority of the red wines produced at the Moselle. According to the 2019/2020 wine statistics, Pinot Noir alone, with 408 hectares, takes up around half of the area planted with red grape varieties in our region.
Red wine taste
Red wine is available in all varieties. Heavy and dry red wines as you often find them in southern Europe, but there are also sweet variants such as the classic Lambrusco red wine. Seen worldwide, however, there is a trend towards more dry red wines. This also applies to Germany and so here too the winemakers are geared towards the needs of the market. When a wine can be declared dry, semi-dry or semi-sweet is clearly defined in Germany by the residual sugar content.
Red wine style at our winery
At our winery, we focus on the grape varieties, Dornfelder, Pinot Noir and Regent. These grow optimally in our vineyards at the Moselle and are preferably vinified dry. Only at Dornfelder do we also have variants with a little more residual sugar on offer. In general, one can say that our red wines are endowed with great fruit, do not look too heavy and are therefore very enjoyable to drink, which you should try.